Ecrit par & déposé en vertu de Non classé.

"[109], It was announced in February 2015 that Gregory of Narek would be named a Doctor of the Church by Pope Francis. The latter describes the Book of Lamentations as "the most immoral, unhealthy, poisonous book, a work that had debilitated the Armenians as a nation. But his spirituality is also infused with the simple piety of the Desert Fathers; and, although he lived before him, there’s an element of St. Francis in him, too. It is hard to find his equal in the ability to plumb the depths of misery lodged in the human heart. [26] The chapters, which are prayers or elegies, vary in length, but all address God. [31][32] Scholars have described its popularity among Armenians as being second only to the Bible. [59] By focusing on the cross, both of these panegyrics counter Tondrakian rejection of veneration of the cross and other material objects. [23] It is often simply called Narek (Նարեկ). [24][25] Completed towards the end of his life, circa 1002–03,[18][26] the work has been described as a monologue, a personal lyric and confessional poem, mystical and meditative. Grigor Magistros Pahlavuni (c. 990–1058) is considered his direct literary successor. [38][110] On 12 April 2015, on Divine Mercy Sunday, during a Mass for the centennial of the Armenian Genocide at St. Peter's Basilica, Pope Francis officially proclaimed Gregory of Narek as Doctor of the Church[3] in attendance of Armenian President Serzh Sargsyan, Catholicos of All Armenians Karekin II, Catholicos of Cilicia Aram I, and Armenian Catholic Patriarch Nerses Bedros XIX Tarmouni. Religion. [121] It originates from the village and monastery of Narek and owns its popularity to Gregory of Narek and the Book of Lamentations, popularlily known as "Narek. [74] He may have been influenced by Pseudo-Dionysius the Areopagite, a pivotal author in Christian Neoplatonism, although this view has been criticized. [40] The work has been translated into English, Russian, French,[41] Arabic[42] and Persian. The inaugural ceremony was attended by Pope Francis, Armenia's President Serzh Sargsyan, Armenian Apostolic leaders Karekin II and Aram I. Hovhan Vorodnetsi (St. John of Orodni) was born in 1315. Krikor Datevatsi left an abundant corpus of works, including sermons, commentaries of the works of Aristotle and David the Invincible, and theological works. The St. Gregory of Datev Institute, founded in 1987 by the Armenian Religious Education Council (AREC) under the aegis of the Armenian Prelacy, has also preserved the memory of his name. Krikor is a Western Armenian given name, equivalent to Eastern Armenian given name Grigor and the English equivalent Gregory and its variants in different languages. He defended Armenians from forced conversion and was successful in securing the right of worship for Armenian Christians. [15] Khosrov was ordained a bishop after being widowed and was appointed primate of the diocese of Andzevatsik. [29] This view has been echoed by Levon Zekiyan. A diminutive of the name is Koko. This book also contained a critique of the doctrines of the Catholic Church, since Catholic missionaries had entered Armenia since the fourteen century and created the Armenian branch of the Dominican order, called Fratres Unitores, with proselytizing aims. [55] Of particular importance for the understanding of his Mariological teachings are the two recensions of the encomium on the Holy Virgin. [8][11][12][13][14] He lived in the semi-independent Kingdom of Vaspurakan, a part of the larger Bagratid Armenia, with its capital, first, in Kars, then in Ani. ստեղծագործական ազդակներ և առնչություններ [Paruyr Sevak - Narekatsi. The great teacher and writer passed away on December 25, 1409, after a short illness. Datasets available include LCSH, BIBFRAME, LC Name Authorities, LC Classification, MARC codes, PREMIS vocabularies, ISO language codes, and more. "[35] For centuries, Armenians have treasured the book as an enchanted treasure and have attributed to it miraculous powers. Narekatsi "deserves to be known as one of the great mystical writers of medieval Christendom. Studies lasted seven to eight years. He was also successful in securing tax-exempt status for the church. [95] In another poem ("To Armenia"), Charents lists Narekatsi next to Nerses Shnorhali and Naghash Hovnatan. [43] There are three English translations of the book, with the first one appearing in 1977. Tamrazian believes Narekatsi could not have lived solely on literary ecstasy. [12][18], Whether Narekatsi led a secluded life or not has become a matter of debate. Following his ordination he served at the monasteries of Klatzor and Datev. Grigor Narekatsi[b] (Armenian: Գրիգոր Նարեկացի; anglicized: Gregory of Narek)[c] (c. 950 – 1003/1011) was an Armenian mystical and lyrical poet, monk, and theologian. Narekatsi influenced virtually all Armenian literature that came after him. [25] He was instead deeply influenced by Neoplatonism. It was brought out to Etchmiadzin Cathedral on the feast in 2012. St. Gregory’s mausoleum located adjacent to St. Peter & Paul Cathedral at Datev Monastery in the Siunik province of Armenia. Enter your email address to subscribe to this blog and receive notifications of new posts by email. (December 25, 1409). [112] He is also the "second saint coming out of the Eastern Church"[113][citation not found] and the only Doctor "who was not in communion with the Catholic Church during his lifetime. "[91] Paruyr Sevak opined that the Narek has not been read by Armenians as much it has been kissed.[86]. (Prepared by the Armenian National Education Committee), Death of St. Krikor Datevatsi [27] It is composed of 95 chapters and over 10,000 lines. He later continued his education in the famed University of Datev, where he was a disciple of Hovhan Vorotnetsi (1315-1386), another saint of the Armenian Church commemorated on the twentieth day of the Great Lent. On the way back, Krikor was ordained vartabed and received the doctorial staff from Vorotnetsi. The son of a bishop, Narekatsi was educated by a relative based at the Narekavank, the monastery of Narek, on the southern shores of Lake Van (modern Turkey). "[70] James R. Russell lists Narekatsi as one of the three visionaries of the Armenian tradition, along with Mesrop Mashtots and Yeghishe Charents. "[84], Narekatsi was the first major Armenian lyrical poet[23] and is considered the most beloved person in Armenian Christianity. The Armenian community in Egypt celebrated the 90th Anniversary of founding the Saint Krikor Lousavorich Church. [63] In the treatise he states some of his theological views. Arshag Chobanian and Manuk Abeghian believe he did, while Hrant Tamrazian argued that Narekatsi was very well aware of the secular world and his time, had deep knowledge of both peasants and princes and the complexities of the world. [47] According to Hrachik Mirzoyan, Narekatsi created up to 2,500 new Armenian words, although many of which are not actively used. [102], Narekatsi was often mentioned by Pope John Paul II. [60] Here again, as in the rest of Gregory's corpus, we see that the saint defends orthodoxy against the Tondrakians and other heretical movements. Post was not sent - check your email addresses! [119][120], The male name "Narek" (Western Armenian: Nareg) is highly popular among Armenians. [105] John Paul II referred to him in addresses in 2000 and 2002. Being raised in an intellectual and religious fervor, Grigor was ordained priest in 977 and taught others theology at the monastery school until his death. "[30] It has been historically kept in Armenian homes. Narekatsi was born in the mid-900s: late 940s, 950, 951, 945-951 and died in the early 11th century: 1003 1010, 1011. He was a student of John of Orodni and a great defender of the character of the Armenian Church. [85] Agop Jack Hacikyan et al. The Armenians remain defeated in trying to emulate Grigor's miserable, maimed soul. This includes data values and the controlled vocabularies that house them. #armernians", "X-XII դարերի հայ բանաստեղծությունը Ղ.Ալիշանի գնահատմամբ [Armenian poetry of the 10th - 12th centuries in estimation of Gh.Alishan]", "Պարույր Սևակ -Նարեկացի. The monastery would be totally destroyed and set to fire by Shahrokh, youngest son of Tamerlan, in 1435. https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Krikor&oldid=937741510, Short description is different from Wikidata, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Patriarch Krikor of Jerusalem (1356–1363), Patriarch Krikor Kantzagehtzee of Jerusalem (1613–1645), Krikor Shiravantzee (Chainbearer) (1715–1749), Patriarch Krikor I of Constantinople (1526–1537), Patriarch Krikor II of Constantinople (1601–1608, 1611–1621, 1623–1626), Patriarch Krikor III of Constantinople (1764–1773), Patriarch Krikor IV of Constantinople (1801–1802), This page was last edited on 27 January 2020, at 00:11. [92] Scholars have noted Narekatsi's influence on Armenian poets—medieval and modern ones alike. [50] The commentary contains explicit condemnation of Tondrakian practices and may have been commissioned to counter heretical teachings attributed to the Tondrakians on marriage and sexuality. Hovhan Odznetsi (St. John of Odzoon) was catholicos from 717 to 728, which was a period when Armenia was under Arab rule. "[7] During a mass on June 25, 2016 in Vartanants Square in Gyumri, Francis stated that he "wished to draw greater attention" to Gregory of Narek by making him a Doctor of the Church. [101] The Armenian Catholic Diocese of Buenos Aires is called the Eparchy of Saint Gregory of Narek. [49] Gregory makes frequent use of St. Gregory of Nyssa's Letters on the Song of Songs, though as Ervine points out, he does not slavishly follow Nyssen's reading. [48] The commentary was written at the behest of prince Gurgēn-Khach‘ik Artsruni (Գուրգէն-Խաչիկ Արծրունի) of Vaspurakan. He’s a synthesis of so many strands of Christian tradition. [71] Other scholars have pointed out that the Book of Lamentation is dominated by the theme of the centrality of the sacraments, especially baptism, reconciliation, and the Eucharist, and thus directly opposes Tondrakian deprecation of the sacraments. He was a brilliant scholar; he knew Latin fluently and had studied the Greek philosophers extensively. In 1408, apparently due to the political unrest after the death of Tamerlan in 1403, Datevatsi and his students moved to the monastery of Medzop, near Lake Van, but returned to Datev after a year. In his 1987 encyclical Redemptoris Mater the Pope called him "one of the outstanding glories of Armenia. [83] Michael Papazian, a scholar of Narekatsi, opined that he is "what you’d get if you crossed Augustine and James Joyce. [17] Grigor and his elder brother Hovhannes were sent to the Narekavank, the monastery of Narek, where he was given religious education by Anania Narekatsi (Ananias of Narek). [19], Narekatsi was buried inside the walls of the monastery of Narek. Gregory of Narek (951–1003), or Krikor Naregatsi, Armenian monk, poet, mystical philosopher, theologian and saint of the Armenian Apostolic Church; Catholicoi. He further added:[115], In Yerevan's Republic Square Pope Francis suggested that Gregory can "be defined as a 'Doctor of Peace'. The son of a bishop, Narekatsi was educated by a relative based at the Narekavank , the monastery of Narek, on the southern shores of Lake Van (modern Turkey). [17], According to Ara Baliozian Narekatsi broke from Hellenistic thought, which was dominant among the Armenian intellectual elite since the 5th-century golden age. [96] Several churches built in Armenia in the 21st century have been named after him,[e] including the cathedral of the Diocese of Gougark in Vanadzor. Two years later, teacher and disciple moved to the convent of Aprakunis. [37], The book's first complete publication was done by Voskan Yerevantsi in Marseille, France in 1673. He is a saint of the Armenian Apostolic Church and was declared a Doctor of the Church by Pope Francis in 2015. [130], Soviet composer Alfred Schnittke composed music for the Russian translation of the Book of Lamentations in 1985. [53], Gregory later wrote hymns, panegyrics on various holy figures, homilies,[27][18] numerous chants and prayers that are still sung today in Armenian churches. The most important of his works was the Book of Questions, a sort of encyclopedia that has been compared to the works of Western theologians like Thomas Aquinas and Albertus Magnus. In 1371 Krikor and his teacher went in pilgrimage to Jerusalem, where the 25-year-old student was consecrated celibate priest. A frieze of St. Gregory of Datev located on the exterior of Holy Transfiguration Cathedral in Moscow, Russia. The cultural and religious stature of Datevatsi earned him a place among the twelve statues (the second to the left) surrounding Mesrob Mashdots and his disciple Koriun on the front of the Matenadaran, the library of manuscripts in Yerevan. [126], A statue of Narekatsi was erected in Yerevan's Malatia-Sebastia district in 2002. He grew up with the monks at the monastery of Nitria (Egypt) where he learned about Christianity and the teachings of Origen. Krikor Datevatsi (St. Gregory of Datev), born in 1346 in the province of Vayots Tsor, is perhaps the best known of the four. [78] Some modern scholars have compared Narekatsi's worldview and philosophy to those of later Sufi mystic poets Rumi and Yunus Emre,[79][80][81] and 19th century Russian writers Fyodor Dostoevsky[82] and Leo Tolstoy. [52] A monograph by Arousyak T'amrazyan is devoted to this commentary. [67] Narekatsi is believed to have been suspected of heresy and being sympathetic to the Paulicians and Tondrakians—two major sects in medieval Armenia. [72] In his struggle against the antinomian Tondrakians, Narekatsi followed his predecessor at the monastery of Narek: his great-uncle Anania, who was condemned for supposedly Tondrakian beliefs. [131], Gregory of Narek depicted on a 1173 manuscript from, "Narekatsi was the first in Armenian literature to express nature in its full texture and color; man was found to be the greatest of nature's adornments.". He gave voice to the cry, which became a prayer, of a sinful and sorrowful humanity, oppressed by the anguish of its powerlessness, but illuminated by the splendour of God’s love and open to the hope of his salvific intervention, which is capable of transforming all things. [36][25] In the 21st century, psychiatrist Armen Nersisyan has claimed to have developed a unique type of therapy based on the book, which can cure many diseases, at least partly. Krikor Datevatsi (St. Gregory of Datev), born in 1346 in the province of Vayots Tsor, is perhaps the best known of the four. This Saturday, March 10, the Armenian Church celebrates the lives of the following four saints: St. John, Patriarch of Jerusalem, succeeded St. Cyril as Patriarch of Jerusalem (386-417). Creative impulses and communication]", "Relics of St. Grigor Narekatsi will be Brought to the Mother Cathedral", "Celebration of the 10th anniversary of St. Grigor Narekatsi church anointment", "Consecration of the St. Grigor Narekatsi Church in Armavir", "President attended anointment ceremony of Saint Grigor Narekatsi Church", "Il Messaggio del Papa consegnato al Popolo armeno", "On the 1700th anniversary of the "Baptism of Armenia, "Armenian saint proclaimed Doctor of the Church by Pope Francis", "Historic Mass dedicated to 100th anniversary of the Armenian Genocide begins at the Vatican (live)", "St. Gregory of Narek is classified among the doctors of the church of the Catholic Church", "The Armenian Gregory of Narek, Doctor of the Church", "A New Doctor of the Church: St. Gregory of Narek", "Ecumenical Prayer Vigil for Peace: Address of the Holy Father", "Centenario della morte del beato e martire Ignazio Maloyan e proclamazione di San Gregorio di Narek Dottore della Chiesa", "Stamps of Vatican City: Armenian Church (2015)", "New Vatican Statue Highlights Armenian-Catholic Rapprochement", "Statue of St. Gregory of Narek unveiled in Vatican", "Հետաքրքրաշարժ վիճակագրություն [Interesting statistics]", "New Holder Of UCLA Professorship Celebrates 2,500 Years Of Armenian Culture", "The schools subordinated to the municipality of Yerevan", "235, Grigor Narekatsi, Millennium of "Record of Lamentations" Scott 628", "Sublime Rachmaninoff Does a Warm-Up Act for Schnittke", "Armenian Literary Culture Through the Eleventh Century։ Gregory of Narek", "Գրիգոր Նարեկացին Հրանտ Թամրազյանի գնահատմամբ [The evaluation of Grigor Narekatsi by Hrant Tamrazyan]", "Գրիգոր Նարեկացու պայքարը թոնդրակյան աղանդավորական շարժման դեմ [Grigor Narekatsi's struggle against the Tondrakian sect]", "Գրիգոր Նարեկացու "Մատեան ողբերգութեան" պոեմը [Grigor Narekatsi's Poem "Book of Lamentations"]", "Bībeles Personvārdi Narekas Grigora Žēlabu Grāmatā [Biblical Person Names in The Book of Lamentations by Grigor Narekatsi (1001-1003)]", "Символика "Книги скорбных песнопений" Григора Нарекаци [Symbolics of Grigor Narekatsi's "The Book of Lamentations"]", "The Theology of Sin and Redemption in the Narek", "Գրիգոր Նարեկացու "Ապարանքի Սուրբ Խաչի Պատմության" գաղտնիքները", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Gregory_of_Narek&oldid=980539909, Articles containing Italian-language text, CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles containing Armenian-language text, All articles with broken links to citations, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SELIBR identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with Trove identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WorldCat identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Armenian Catholic independent researcher and writer Nareg Seferian said, describing it as "a mystical prayer book," only "second to the Bible as a holy work. Religious Organization He wrote commentaries on the Gospel of John and the epistles of St. Paul. (Prepared by the Armenian National Education Committee), the Armenian National Education Committee (ANEC). Little is known about his life. His first extant work is a commentary on the Song of Songs («Մեկնութիւն երգոց երգոյն Սողոմոնի», Meknutiun yergots yergoyn Soghomoni), written in 977, the year he was ordained a priest. [44][45][46], Narekatsi also authored a number of other works. "[89][90], Author and critic Ara Baliozian argues that Narekatsi is "our greatest writer because nobody reads him. He is best known for his Book of Lamentations, a major piece of mystical literature. He was highly admired and respected. Saint Gregory of Narek, a monk of the tenth century, knew how to express the sentiments of your people more than anyone. [56] In these he affirms the doctrines of Mary's bodily Assumption (Վերափոխումն), perpetual virginity, and perhaps the immaculate conception. [47][27] Ara Baliozian considers it a prose masterpiece. The central theme is the metaphysical and existential conflict between Narekatsi's desire to be perfect, as taught by Jesus, and his own realization that it is impossible and between the divine grace and his own sense of one's own unworthiness to receive that grace. "[36] Charents lauds the "hallowed brows" of Narekatsi and Nahapet Kuchak in his 1920 poem "I Love My Armenia" («Ես իմ անուշ Հայաստանի»). He is also credited with setting a high standard for preaching. "[30] Vrej Nersessian considers Narekatsi a "poet of world stature" in the "scope and breadth of his intellect and poetic inventiveness, and in the brooding, visionary quality of his language"—on a par with St Augustine, Dante, and Edward Taylor. [75][76] Soviet philologist Vache Nalbandian argued that Narekatsi's outlook is essentially anti-feudal and humanistic. [62], Narekatsi also authored around two dozen tagher (lays or odes), personal poems that are the first religious poems in Armenian literature, and spiritual songs called gandz, both in verse and prose. ", This page was last edited on 27 September 2020, at 02:58. He also wrote a book of sermons divided into two parts, For the Summer (Ամառան) and For the Winter (Ձմեռան). It had three schools (philosophy and theology, calligraphy and manuscript illumination, and music), where they taught philosophy, religion, Armenian language and grammar, literature, history, rhetoric, manuscript copying, miniature painting, natural sciences and astronomy, mathematics, architecture, music and singing, pedagogy and social sciences, and other subjects. [108] In his 2001 Apostolic Letter for the 1,700th Anniversary of the Baptism of the Armenian People the Pope stated that Gregory of Narek "probed the dark depths of human desperation and glimpsed the blazing light of grace that shines even there for believers. He dedicated most of his efforts toward the preservation of the orthodox faith, and against the attempt to merge the Armenian Church with the Latin Church. Krikor Datevatsi was born in 1346 in the district of Vayots Dzor, in the province of Siunik (southern Armenia). A rectangular-shaped chapel-mausoleum was built on his tomb,[8][4] which survived until the mid-20th century, when the monastery was destroyed by the Turkish authorities, and later replaced with a mosque. [28][29], The book is considered a masterpiece of Christian spiritual literature[13] and the "most beloved work of Armenian literature. [123] In Yerevan, a public school (established in 1967 and renamed in 1990) and a medical center (established in 2003) are named after Narekatsi. He is often referred to as “the second Gregory the Illuminator.”. [25] Many of the festal odes and litanies as well as the panegyrics (ներբողք) have been translated and annotated by Abraham Terian. He was noted for his keen intellect and is said to have delivered inspiring and eloquent sermons. 2K likes. He is commemorated by the Armenian Church on the Saturday before the fourth Sunday of the Great Lent. His feast is celebrated on October 13 on the Feast of the Holy Translators. [94] Sevak called the Book of Lamentations a "temple of poesy, on which the destructive action of time has had no effect. [51], Although the commentary on the Song of Songs is Gregory's only surviving complete commentary on a biblical book, there is also a single extant manuscript of a commentary on chapters 38 and 39 of the book of Job.

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